Realising its potential, sarawak state government has started initiatives to stimulate sago plantation from subsistence farming to estate plantation. Methods amplified fragment length polymorphism aflp was used to investigate the genetic structure of 76 accessions of m. Jenis sagu yang termasuk golongan ini adalah metroxylon filare dan metroxylon elantum. Arten gewonnenen, zu verschiedenen zeiten verarbeiteten sago. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Molecular analyses of folk varieties of the sago palm. The tropical sago palms are increasingly regarded as having a major role as energy crops, but many aspects of them are little known.
Sandbox tree, hura crepitans 1 and true sago palm tree, metroxylon sagu 2. Ac50 was a better absorbent compared to other treatments due to high acidity and cec. History of food crop production and animal husbandry in southeast asia. Background and aims the genetic and morphological variation in the sago palm metroxylon sagu, arecaceae in papua new guinea png was investigated. Physicochemical, thermal, and rheological properties of acidhydrolyzed sago metroxylon sagu starch. Metroxylon sagu is an arborescent, clustering multistemmed, monoecious palm, often with a more or less spiny columnar stem or trunk, 79 m high, 1520 cm diameter near the base, and leaves up to 7 m long in mature specimens figure 1, figure 2. A similar process is used to extract sago from cycas revoluta q. Click download or read online button to get the sago palm book now. Metroxylon sagu in world checklist of selected plant families.
Molecular analyses of folk varieties of the sago palm metroxylon sagu rottb. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. Article pdf available in pertanika journal of tropical agricultural. The board of trustees of the royal botanic gardens, kew. Isolation and characterization of the ga 20oxidase cdna from sago palm metroxylon sagu rottb. National sago prima, selat panjang, riau,dengan studi kasus pengaruh teknik persemaian dan jenis tanaman induk terhadap pertumbuhan bibit sagu. This page was last edited on 10 december 2014, at 19. Fruits or seeds of sago palm are like golf balls in shape and size. Kiew 1976, common name sago palm, is of commercial value fig.
This booklet provides an overview of existing knowledge of the genus, with emphasis on genetic resources. Handcoloured steel engraving by du casse after an illustration by adolph fries from felixedouard guerinmenevilles dictionnaire pittoresque dhistoire naturelle picturesque dictionary of. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Pdf karakterisasi tiga jenis pati sagu metroxylon sp. Tropical agricultural science sago palm metroxylon. Metroxylon amicarum caroline ivory nutpalm metroxylon sagu sago palm. Food and agriculture organization of the united nations fao. The move of introducing sago estate plantation is a bold one considering that malaysia is the first country introducing such plantation.
The calculated value for the melting point of the undiluted polymer t,, was 432 k r20. To date, no information is available on the performance of these two varieties grown on these soil types. The distribution areas of the seven species in this genus within this area are neighbouring but hardly overlap. Based on published conserved amino acid sequences of plant ga 20oxidase cdna clones, oligonucleotide primers were constructed and used to amplify partial sequence of the ga 20oxidase gene of metroxylon sagu.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Pati sagu dan hasil olahannya telah banyak dikonsumsi baik sebagai pangan pokok maupun kudapan di berbagai daerah terutama masyarakat pesisir atau dataran rendah. Investigation of genetic and morphological variation in. Eleven local varieties of sago palm metroxylon sagu rottb. The true sago palm, metroxylon sagu, has been described as mankinds oldest food plant with the starch contained in the trunk used as a staple food in southeast asia. Activated carbon, ammonia, ammonia volatilization, ammonium, metroxylon sagu, sago hampas, urea. Two batches of sago starch extracted from metroxylon sagu species were characterized. Genetic variation of sago palm metroxylonsagu rottb. The plants database includes the following 2 species of metroxylon. View enhanced pdf access article on wiley online library html view download pdf for offline viewing. This palm is a source of sago, extracted from the stems. It has an enormous inflorescence, which appears at.
Di bagian barat nusantara sagu yang lebih umum ditemukan ialah metroxylon sagu rottb. This palm grows between 10 n and 10 s latitudes and up to an elevation ranging from 700 to m. Physicochemical, thermal, and rheological properties of. Metroxylon sagu, eastern indonesia, genetic diversity, cultural keystone species, local knowledge, crop management. Metroxylon sagu, arecaceae, starch crops, plant growth and development, plant morphology, inflorescence structure, electron microscopy, phenological. Metroxylon sagu is an evergreen tree growing to 10 m 32ft by 10 m 32ft at a medium rate. These are grown all over sarawak on different soil types ranging from mineral soil, shallow peat and deep peat. It only occurs in southeast asia and several island groups of micronesia and melanesia. Local knowledge and management of sago palm metroxylon sagu rottboell diversity in south central seram, maluku, eastern indonesia. Duriduri sagu varietas metroxylon rumphii berbentuk lurus sepanjang 14 cm dan memiliki mutu sagu sangat baik anonim 2010. General information about metroxylon sagu mtrsa new guinea. Physicochemical properties of starch in sago palm metroxylon sagu at different growth stages by adrina tie pei lang thesis submitted in. The composition of pith from the sago palms metroxylon. Metroxylon rumphii merupakan sagu yang paling banyak tumbuh di maluku dan sekitarnya, tangkai daunnya berduri banyak dengan susunan berbaris melintang.
Metroxylon sagu rottb promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. Metroxylon sagu, the true sago palm, is a species of palm in the genus metroxylon, native to. Metroxylon is a genus of monoecious flowering plants in the arecaceae palm family, consisting of seven species. Growth and development of true sago palm metroxylon sagu. It is commonly grown in wild swampy areas of malaysia, indonesia, and new guinea. Metroxylon sagu is the most widespread and naturalized throughout southeast asia. Lal, in encyclopedia of food sciences and nutrition second edition, 2003. Isolation of cdna fragment encoding starch synthase gene. They are native to western samoa, new guinea, the solomon islands, the moluccas, the carolines and fiji in a variety of habitats, and cultivated westward to thailand and malaya. In this study samples of pith were obtained from metroxylon sagu roxb. Starch content of pith samples obtained from commercially harvested logs varied between 18.
Commercialization of sago through estate plantation scheme. Isolation and characterization of starch branching enzyme sbe isoform i gene was the main objective of this study, where the target was to construct the cdna from total rna by using the specific primer that design manually. Photosynthetic activities of the sago palm metroxylon sagu rottb. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Sago palm metroxylon sagu, arecaceae production in the. Berbagai penelitian telah dilakukan namun belum banyak dimanfaatkan dalam pengolahan pangan berbasis sagu. Metroxylon sagu, the true sago palm, is a species of palm in the genus metroxylon, native to tropical southeastern asia, namely indonesia western new guinea, and the moluccas, papua new guinea, malaysia both peninsular malaysia and sarawak and possibly also the philippines though may have been introduced there. In this study the extracted rna was reversetranscribed into cdna. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license.
Sago has been hailed as a next viable commodity in sarawak, malaysia, given its potential as a versatile crop. Pdf leaf photosynthetic rate in sago palms metroxylon sagu. The sago palm download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Asan foun freshwater lagoon, tilomar, covalima, timorleste may 2005, the palm is sago palm metroxylon sagu, reedbeds, and probably an undescribed casuarina sp. Metroxylon sagu is a multistemmed evergreen palm tree growing from 6 25 metres tall. Kitlv press verhandelingen van het koninklijk instituut voor taal, land en volkenkunde, leiden, pp. Brigida mabras and hannah jean esteban 57 oral 12 various local foods from sago in indonesia gayatri k. Ga 20oxidase is involved in controlling stem elongation, maturity and flowering. Metroxylon sagu have a big potential to compete with wheat, barley, rice and corn as food supply for human population in this region. Pohon sagu yang berbunga lebih dari satu kali selama hidupnya mempunyai kandungan karbohidrat yang rendah, sehingga kurang disukai.
Ipgri i n t e r n a t i o n a l p l a n t g en tic r e s o u r c e s i n s t i t u t e michiel flach metroxylon sagu rottb. It produces a number of unbranched stems that can be 35 60cm in diameter, each topped by 18 20 leaves that are usually 5 7 metres long but can be more. However, only 50% of the starch from the deposits can be extracted with current methods, and the other half remains in the residual pith waste. Metroxylon sagu rott, dan metroxylon sylvester malt. New sago palm starch resources and starch pith waste.
Several photosynthetic parameters were studied to support our analysis in sago photosynthetic activity, including diurnal leaf. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and. The distribution of metroxylon sagu and the historical. Rana 61 oral use of mycorrhiza in lateral root initiation of sago palm metroxylon sagu rottb plantlets invitro siti sahmsiah binti sahmat, margaret chan kit yok, masni haili. The rna was extracted from plant that widely planted in muddy area that is sago palm metroxylon sagu.822 274 996 1512 1513 1192 161 844 306 894 1190 231 1462 1164 339 1055 864 541 576 991 22 780 560 371 805 1119 1199 873 202 43 1238 662 13 839 1282 1079 782 372 734 1098